Categories
Philosophy

Evaluate the criteria that Kant sets out for a republican government in Toward P

Evaluate the criteria that Kant sets out for a republican government in Toward Perpetual Peace, and the role that this form of government plays in his overall theory of how war might be avoided.
Please use only the attached files as sources. use of in text citation is necessary as well. Please do not over quote sources.

Categories
Philosophy

What makes knowledge valuable?

Epistemology:
What is knowledge?
What makes knowledge valuable?
Ethics of Belief
Epistemology + Ethics – Epistemic Injustice – Testimonial Injustice
– Someone treated unfairly
Testimonial: someone who has credibility but is not given because of being a woman, black, ect.

Categories
Philosophy

Which approach to the problem of distributive justice do you find most convincing and why, that of John Rawls or that of Robert Nozick?

Answer the following two questions:
1. To what extent are you convinced by Robert Paul Wolff’s argument that philosophical anarchism is the only approach to the issue of legitimate collective authority that is consistent with the value of autonomy? (250 words)
2. Which approach to the problem of distributive justice do you find most convincing and why, that of John Rawls or that of Robert Nozick? (250 words)
Please use concise words and refer to the texts attached (MLA style, name of texts are the file names). Answer the questions succinctly and with depth.
attached –
Wolff, Robert Paul (1970). In Defense of Anarchism, part three, pp. 69-82.
Wolff, Robert Paul (1976). “A Reply to Reiman”
Rawls, John (2001). Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, pp. 1-49.
Nozick, Robert (1974). Anarchy, State, and Utopia, pp. 149-164.
Rawls, John (2001). Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, pp. 50-57.

Categories
Philosophy

For this week we will do week 7 questions are found in uploaded files and labele

For this week we will do week 7
questions are found in uploaded files and labeled by the week that are founds.
Feel free to also share any books, movies, or other fun media you’ve seen/enjoyed that ponders similar questions!

Categories
Philosophy

This assignment is worth 100 points. NOTE: in order to earn full points the stud

This assignment is worth 100 points. NOTE: in order to earn full points the student must fully address ALL of the assignment requirements stated below.
In a short essay of at least 750 words, please respond to the following:
Explain and evaluate Socrates’ claim in the Apology that “the unexamined life is not worth living for a human being,” and briefly analyze and discuss the particular method he uses to discover the truth (i.e., dialectics or the Socratic Method), using at least two examples from Plato’s Euthyphro and/or Apology: these examples must be accompanied by in-text citations. Do you agree that a human being cannot live a fully satisfying life if he or she remains ignorant, like the slavish prisoners in Plato’s cave? Why or why not?
Finally, in support of your argument, please refer to specific passages in the video (Alain de Botton’s “Socrates on Self-Confidence—Philosophy: A Guide to Happiness,” available on YouTube via the link below) as well as to the textbook reading, and your own life experiences and observations.
DO NOT USE SECONDARY SOURCES OTHER THAN THE VIDEO.

Socrates on Self-Confidence—Philosophy: A Guide to Happiness

Categories
Philosophy

Write the Discussion Post Primary and Secondary Reinforcers We use reinforcement

Write the Discussion Post
Primary and Secondary Reinforcers
We use reinforcement to increase appropriate behaviors. The effectiveness of reinforcement depends on an individual’s preference. While some items or activities are preferred for some individuals, they may be aversive for others. When using positive reinforcement, we must ensure that the reinforcers we are presenting actually function as reinforcers. Also, keep in mind that just because you may like or enjoy something, it does not mean you will respond to gain access. One may like doing puzzles, but one may not be willing to run five miles to gain access to a puzzle.*List five preferred items or activities that you enjoy.*Categorize these five items or activities into primary or secondary reinforcers.*Explain why each is an example of a primary reinforcer or a secondary reinforcer. What primary reinforcers are the secondary reinforcers (if any) likely paired with?*Speculate how they may have come to be secondary reinforcers (if any are secondary reinforcers). What were the primary reinforcers with which they may have been paired?

Categories
Philosophy

Unit 2 essay must fully address ALL of the assignment requirements stated below

Unit 2 essay
must fully address ALL of the assignment requirements stated below.
In a short essay of at least 750 words, please respond to the following:
Analyze and explain Epicurus’ famous proclamation: “Thanks be to blessed Nature because she has made what is necessary easy to supply, and what is not easy unnecessary…The right understanding of these facts enables us to refer all choice and avoidance to the health of the body and the soul’s freedom from disturbance, since this is the aim of the life of blessedness.”
Do you agree or disagree with this assessment of the good life, and why?
In support of your argument, please refer to specific scenes from the video (Alain de Botton’s “Epicurus on Happiness—Philosophy: A Guide to Happiness,” available on YouTube via the link below). Students must also refer to at least two specific passages from the Epicurus reading assignment (NOT including the passage in the assignment instructions above) with in-text citations and a References or Works Cited page at the end. Feel free to incorporate your own life experiences and observations into your essay as well.
DO NOT USE SECONDARY SOURCES OTHER THAN THE VIDEO.

Epicurus on Happiness—Philosophy: A Guide to Happiness

Categories
Philosophy

This assignment is worth 100 points. NOTE: in order to earn full points the stud

This assignment is worth 100 points. NOTE: in order to earn full points the student must fully address ALL of the assignment requirements stated below.
In a short essay of at least 750 words, please respond to the following:
Explain and evaluate Socrates’ claim in the Apology that “the unexamined life is not worth living for a human being,” and briefly analyze and discuss the particular method he uses to discover the truth (i.e., dialectics or the Socratic Method), using at least two examples from Plato’s Euthyphro and/or Apology: these examples must be accompanied by in-text citations. Do you agree that a human being cannot live a fully satisfying life if he or she remains ignorant, like the slavish prisoners in Plato’s cave? Why or why not?
Finally, in support of your argument, please refer to specific passages in the video (Alain de Botton’s “Socrates on Self-Confidence—Philosophy: A Guide to Happiness,” available on YouTube via the link below) as well as to the textbook reading, and your own life experiences and observations.
DO NOT USE SECONDARY SOURCES OTHER THAN THE VIDEO.

Socrates on Self-Confidence—Philosophy: A Guide to Happiness

Categories
Philosophy

Unit 2 essay must fully address ALL of the assignment requirements stated below

Unit 2 essay
must fully address ALL of the assignment requirements stated below.
In a short essay of at least 750 words, please respond to the following:
Analyze and explain Epicurus’ famous proclamation: “Thanks be to blessed Nature because she has made what is necessary easy to supply, and what is not easy unnecessary…The right understanding of these facts enables us to refer all choice and avoidance to the health of the body and the soul’s freedom from disturbance, since this is the aim of the life of blessedness.”
Do you agree or disagree with this assessment of the good life, and why?
In support of your argument, please refer to specific scenes from the video (Alain de Botton’s “Epicurus on Happiness—Philosophy: A Guide to Happiness,” available on YouTube via the link below). Students must also refer to at least two specific passages from the Epicurus reading assignment (NOT including the passage in the assignment instructions above) with in-text citations and a References or Works Cited page at the end. Feel free to incorporate your own life experiences and observations into your essay as well.
DO NOT USE SECONDARY SOURCES OTHER THAN THE VIDEO.

Epicurus on Happiness—Philosophy: A Guide to Happiness

Categories
Philosophy

Choose one of these books, Novels Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Americanah Yukio Mi

Choose one of these books,
Novels
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Americanah
Yukio Mishima (any of his books)
Toni Morrison, The Bluest Eye or any of her novels
Tomás Eloy Martínez, Santa Evita
Zora Neale Hurston (any of her novels)
Amy Tan, (any of her novels)
Richard Wright (any of his novels)
Alice Walker (any of her novels)
Any novel you can read from a different ethnic and cultural background can be discussed with me.
Nonfiction
Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow
Maya Angelou (any of her memoirs)
James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time
Eduardo Bonilla-Silva, Racism Without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States
Michael Bronski, A Queer History of the United States
Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me
Angela Davis (any of her books)
Robin Diangelo, White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism
Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, Laural Merlington, et al., An Indigenous People’s History of the United States
Louise Erdrich (any of her books)
bell hooks, (any of her books)
Ibram X. Kendi, How to Be an Antiracist
Ibram X. Kendi, Stamped from the Beginning
Martin Luther King, The Radical King (edited by Cornel West)
Kate Clifford Larson, Bound for the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman
James W. Loewen, Lies My Teacher Told Me
Toni Morrison, The Source of Self-Regard: Selected Essays, Speeches, and Meditations
Michelle Obama, Becoming
Paul Ortiz, An African American and Latinx History
Diana Ramey Berry, A Black Women’s History of the United States
Trevor Noah, Born A Crime
Richard Rothstein, The Color of Law
Bryan Stevenson, Just Mercy
Beverly Daniel Tatum, Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? And Other Conversations About Race
Isabel Wilkerson, The Warmth of Other Suns
Malcolm X, The Autobiography of Malcolm X
Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the United States